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Posts tagged ‘Military’

China and Russia Caught Tailing U.S. Navy Near North Korea as Tensions Mount


waving flagdisclaimerReported By Andrew West |  April 17, 2017

North Korea

The intensity of the North Korean situation has once again found a way to reinvent itself now that the USS Carl Vinson is making strategic moves in the area.

The nuclear powered aircraft carrier was first dispatched to the area over a week ago in an effort to keep tabs on North Korean leader and international maniac Kim Jong Un, given his latest threats toward the west and her allies.  Japan was quick to respond with Naval vessels of their own, working in support of the USS Carl Vinson and her accompanying ships.

Now, two more nations have decided to dispatch pieces of their armadas to the area, but these are not necessarily there to keep an eye on North Korea.  Rather, they are poised to gather intelligence about what exactly the USS Carl Vinson is up to.

“China and Russia have dispatched intelligence-gathering vessels from their navies to chase the USS Carl Vinson nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, which is heading toward waters near the Korean Peninsula, multiple sources of the Japanese government revealed to The Yomiuri Shimbun.

“It appears that both countries aim to probe the movements of the United States, which is showing a stance of not excluding military action against North Korea. The Self-Defense Forces are strengthening warning and surveillance activities in the waters and airspace around the area, according to the sources.

“The aircraft carrier strike group, composed of the Carl Vinson at its core with guided-missile destroyers and other vessels, is understood to be around the East China Sea and heading north toward waters near the Korean Peninsula.

“China and Russia, which prioritize stability in the Korean Peninsula, showed concern over the tough U.S. stance, with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov saying the issue should be resolved peacefully through political and diplomatic efforts.”

These vessels suddenly being dispatched to the vicinity of the Carl Vinson and her fellow ships appears to be a not-so-subtle warning to President Donald Trump, who has yet to completely rule out the use of military force should North Korea ramp up their aggressive behavior.  China has previously attempted to coerce Kim Jong Un and company to discontinue their poking and prodding ways through the use of tough international sanctions on North Korean coal – one of the secretive nation’s only sources of international income.

Russia, meanwhile, has been attempting to keep a tight leash on the United States after an airstrike against Bashar al-Assad in Syria irked the Russian military.  The response from the Kremlin was swift and stern, stating that any further provocation in Syria could lead to military action against the U.S.trump unlocks military

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Andrew West

Andrew West is a Georgia-based political enthusiast and lover of liberty. When not writing, you can find Mr. West home brewing his own craft beer, perfecting his home-made hot sauce recipes, or playing guitar.

US Military Confirms N. Korea Fired Missile into Sea of Japan


Posted by NEWSMAX.COM | Tuesday, 04 Apr 2017 07:40 PM

URL of the original posting site: http://www.newsmax.com/Newsfront/NKorea-military-missile-US/2017/04/04/id/782545/

Image: US Military Confirms N. Korea Fired Missile into Sea of Japan / North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (AFP/Getty)

The U.S. military confirmed Tuesday that nuclear-armed North Korea had fired a ballistic missile, finding it posed no threat to North America and vowing to work closely with its regional allies. The move came after the reclusive state warned it will retaliate if the global community ramps up sanctions over its latest round of weapons tests.

“The clock has now run out, and all options are on the table,” a senior White House official told CNN, following the news.

“North Korea launched yet another intermediate range ballistic missile,” Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said in a written statement. “The United States has spoken enough about North Korea. We have no further comment.”

Ahead of a key visit by Chinese President Xi Jinping, President Donald Trump had said the United States was prepared to go it alone in bringing Pyongyang to heel if China did not step in.

“U.S. Pacific Command is fully committed to working closely with our Republic of Korea and Japanese allies to maintain security,” the military command in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region said.

“The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) determined the missile launch from North Korea did not pose a threat to North America.”

PACOM said it determined the launch of the KN-15 medium-range ballistic missile took place at 11:42 am (2142 GMT), landing in the Sea of Japan at 11:51 am, in line with findings by the South Korean defense ministry. Pyongyang is on a quest to develop a long-range missile capable of hitting the US mainland with a nuclear warhead, and has so far staged five nuclear tests, two of them last year.

© AFP 2017

World War III Anyone?


waving flagJuly 25, 2016 By

That's Nothing Watch ThisA 25 page document recently released by the Atlantic Council (AC), based in the U.S., states that Russia could “attack Poland overnight.” The report claims that Russia could take advantage of NATO “being distracted by another crisis” or by misinterpreting activities NATO is involved in. After the annex of Crimea in 2014, the Baltic States have become legitimately nervous, wondering who Ruusia’s next target may be.

Many of these think tanks are employed from time to time to hash out war-game scenarios, as it were. But this is noStand-Off-590-LA game. The Atlantic Council is deadly serious, even going so far as to suggest possible counterattack targets should Russia decide to move on Poland – targets including the Kaliningrad and Metro Moscow.

They warned that “Even if Moscow currently has no immediate intent to challenge NATO directly, this may unexpectedly change overnight.” The Council also recommends that the Obama administration authorize more shipments of missiles to the Baltic region.

In recent years Poland has had a tough time holding onto its citizens. Young men of fighting age have been pulling up stakes and leaving to find work elsewhere. The report recognizes this to be a potential problem and urges Poland to find a way to halt the exodus. They give no suggestion of how this should be accomplished – only that it needs to be a priority.

Sanctions-Bear-LittleVladimir Putin seems to think the escalation between Russia and the West was and is inevitable and claimed in a speech from earlier this year that, “Russia does not wish for the chaos to spread, does not want war, and has no intention of starting one.putin However, today Russia sees the outbreak of global war is almost inevitable, is prepared for, and is continuing to prepare for it.”

Do you believe him? Neither do I. I’m not sure he wants to start World War III and I don’t think he thinks war is inevitable. Escalation of tensions yes – war – I’m not so sure.  I do however believe that Putin thinks the West is weak and has grown cowardly.

But I also believe he has a bit of a hotheaded streak and could be prone to overreaction. He is also, for good or bad (mostly bad), bold and does not go in for the covert.

The report states that, “Russia rarely disguises its true intentions. On the contrary, it has proclaimed to them very publicly on various occasions, but, in general, the West is chosen not to believe Russia’s declarations and disregards its willingness to carry them out.”

Needless to say Poland is not thrilled by the report. Not that they don’t believe it, but they are tired of the whole thing – after centuries of being ruled by others. First by the Russian Empire – then Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939. After World War II, it was back under the Soviet boot until 1989 and now this again.

Putin over ObamaWhether it’s a coincidence or due in part to the AC report, four NATO countries, the United States, Canada, Germany and Britain will send 1000 troops each to the region. Naturally Russia took this as a provocation and warned if NATO dispatched the 4000 troops, “Moscow would respond by posting three new divisions of its own close to the frontier.”

Although many still believe Putin is bluffing about his intentions, the defense minister of Lithuania is certainly not. When questioned on the feasibility of a Russian attack he said: “We cannot exclude it. They might exercise on the borders and then switch to invasion in hours.”

This situation is as serious as it gets. Much more so than ISIS or other terrorist networks. And who do we have as commander-in-chief? The feckless Obama. As long as he remains at the helm, Putin believes he can act without regard. And Putin is not prone to bluffing. He may take a while to set up his chess pieces, but don’t be surprised if you wake up one morning and find he’s made his first move (or second if you count Crimea).

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Transgenders in Military: Impeachable, Damaging, and Expensive


By: Bryan Fischer; Posted: Friday, July 1, 2016

Transgenders in Military: Impeachable, Damaging, and Expensive

Will every military base be retooled to provide completely separate bathrooms and shower rooms and bunkhouses for men who think they are women…?”

– Bryan Fischer

President Obama and the Pentagon have violated the Constitution and committed an impeachable offense by unilaterally admitting transgenders, transvestites, and transexuals into the military. According to Article I, Section 8 only Congress has authority to change the rules which govern the military. Congress has never authorized the induction of those who engage in these behaviors into the armed forces. For the commander-in-chief to make and implement a decision of this magnitude is an impeachable offense on any number of levels, not the least of which is the plain fact that it defies the Constitution and trashes the entire concept of the separation of powers.

This decision will have a negative impact on recruitment, retention, and readiness. A diminishing number of vigorous young males will be interested in joining this kind of military, or signing up for another stretch.

The pragmatic challenges alone are enough to prove this is a terrible idea. Will every military base be retooled to provide completely separate bathrooms and shower rooms and bunkhouses for men who think they are women, and a whole different set for women who think they are men? What about accommodations aboard ships and submarines where space is at a premium? The mind reels at the logistical nightmare this will create for a military whose job is to protect us, not engage in radical and foolish social engineering.

President Obama is drastically downsizing the military, cashiering experienced soldiers, apparently so he can replace them with soldiers who have no idea what sex they are.

This decision will have serious implications for the military budget, which is strained as it is. According to the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association (not part of the vast, right-wing conspiracy) there are at least 10 significant health challenges that transgenders, transvestites, and transexuals face that sexually normal people do not. 

According to the GLMA, transgenders are at elevated risks of

  • heart attacks,
  • strokes,
  • high blood pressure,
  • and diabetes.
  • They have an increased cancer risk due to hormone use.
  • They have an elevated chance of contracting sexually transmitted infections because of the risks they take in sexual matters.
  • They tend to have problems with substance abuse, including alcohol consumption that can damage their livers.
  • They have an elevated risk of obesity and depression,
  • and frequently put themselves at medical risk through silicone injections. 

Transgenders will demand hormone injections and sex-change operations at taxpayer expense. In fact, the military will now become the destination of choice for people seeking sex-change operations since they’ll be able to get taxpayers to foot the $30,000 to $50,000 bill. 

All of these health risks, of course, come at a cost to taxpayers for treatment, and every one of these health challenges will impact a transgender soldier’s fitness for combatengineering

If the purpose of changes in military policy is to improve the military and make it more able to face our national security challenges, this is exactly the wrong way to go. 

But while this act on the president’s part is an impeachable offense, and represents an unquestioned weakening of military strength, morale, and cohesion, the GOP establishment will, as usual, do absolutely nothing. To my knowledge, we haven’t heard anyone in the GOP establishment complain about this, let alone try to do anything about it. Instead, they are busy sending $500 million to the U.N. to solve the non-existent problem of global warming and scheduling votes on gun control legislation. 

Bonus Bytes 

  • Federal judge Carlton Reeves blocked Mississippi’s religious liberty law (HB 1523) on grounds that it represents “state-sanctioned discrimination” against LGBTs. But the truth is it’s exactly the other way round. This ruling is judge-sanctioned discrimination against people of faith. For instance, county clerks will now be required to violate their consciences and their deeply held religious convictions or face termination or jail just as Kim Davis did. Reeves has also discriminated against churches, wedding vendors, therapists, schools, and adoption agencies who act on their deeply held convictions about marriage, family and sexuality. The radical homosexual agenda represents the greatest threat to religious liberty in our nation’s history, and this dismal ruling is just further evidence.
  • Japan monitors everyone who embraces an ideology which threatens its national security. Under Mayor Bloomberg, NYPD surveilled mosques, shops, restaurants, and the Muslim community in general, and kept New York safe. Safe that is, until Mayor DeBlasio came along and undid it all. There is no reason the entire United States cannot do what Bloomberg did in New York for a decade and what Japan is doing today. And the United States should. If our government monitors white supremacists, it certainly should monitor Muslim supremacists.

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There Are Now More Bureaucrats With Guns Than U.S. Marines


waving flagBY:   June 22, 2016

URL of the original posting site: http://freebeacon.com/issues/now-bureaucrats-guns-u-s-marines/

IRS Raid

Police officers from the IRS Criminal Investigation Division / AP

There are now more non-military government employees who carry guns than there are U.S. Marines, according to a new report.

Open the Books, a taxpayer watchdog group, released a study Wednesday that finds domestic government agencies continue to grow their stockpiles of military-style weapons, as Democrats sat on the House floor calling for more restrictions on what guns American citizens can buy.Comming Soon 02

The “Militarization of America” report found civilian agencies spent $1.48 billion on guns, ammunition, and military-style equipment between 2006 and 2014. Examples include IRS agents with AR-15s, and EPA bureaucrats wearing camouflage.

“Regulatory enforcement within administrative agencies now carries the might of military-style equipment and weapons,” Open the Books said. “For example, the Food and Drug Administration includes 183 armed ‘special agents,’ a 50 percent increase over the ten years from 1998-2008. At Health and Human Services (HHS), ‘Special Office of Inspector General Agents’ are now trained with sophisticated weaponry by the same contractors who train our military special forces troops.”Why

Open the Books found there are now over 200,000 non-military federal officers with arrest and firearm authority, surpassing the 182,100 personnel who are actively serving in the U.S. Marines Corps.forced compliance

The IRS spent nearly $11 million on guns, ammunition, and military-style equipment for its 2,316 special agents. The tax collecting agency has billed taxpayers for pump-action and semi-automatic shotguns, semi-automatic Smith & Wesson M&P15s, and Heckler & Koch H&K 416 rifles, which can be loaded with 30-round magazines.American Gestapo 02

The EPA spent $3.1 million on guns, ammo, and equipment, including drones, night vision, “camouflage and other deceptive equipment,” and body armor.DHS

When asked about the spending, and EPA spokesman said the report “cherry picks information and falsely misrepresents the work of two administrations whose job is to protect public health.”

“Many purchases were mischaracterized or blown out of proportion in the report,” said spokesman Nick Conger. “EPA’s criminal enforcement program has not purchased unmanned aircraft, and the assertions that military-grade weapons are part of its work are false.”

“EPA’s criminal enforcement program investigates and prosecutes the most egregious violators of our nation’s environmental laws, and EPA criminal enforcement agents are law enforcement professionals who have undergone the same rigorous training as other federal agents,” Conger continued.Leftist Propagandist

Other administration agencies that have purchased guns and ammo include the Small Business Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Department of Education, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.Why

The report also highlighted that the Department of Health and Human Services has “special agents” with “sophisticated military-style weapons.” Open the Books also found $42 million in gun and ammunition purchases that were incorrectly coded.

“Some purchases were actually for ping-pong balls, gym equipment, bread, copiers, cotton balls, or cable television including a line item from the Coast Guard entered as ‘Cable Dude,’” the report said.

Open the Books appealed to both liberals like Bernie Sanders—who has called for demilitarizing local police departments—and conservatives in its report.

“Conservatives argue that it is hypocritical for political leaders to undermine the Second Amendment while simultaneously equipping non-military agencies with hollow-point bullets and military style equipment,” Open the Books said. “One could argue the federal government itself has become a gun show that never adjourns with dozens of agencies continually shopping for new firearms.”Disarmed Citizenry

_

Update June 23, 10:15 a.m.: Following publication of this article, Adam Andrzejewski, the CEO of Open the Books who wrote the report, pushed back against the EPA’s statement, and provided contract data to back up his claims.

“How can the EPA spokesperson deny hard facts from their own checkbook?” he said. “Alongside our oversight report, OpenTheBooks.com also released a PDF of all raw data. This line-by-line transactional record from the EPA’s own checkbook on page 113 clearly shows that in 2013 and 2014 the EPA purchased tens of thousands of dollars of ‘Unmanned Aircraft’ from Bergen RC Helicopters Inc which on a net basis amounted to approximately $34,000.”

“All of the assertions in our oversight report are the quantification of actual spending records produced and reported to us by the federal agencies themselves,” Andrzejewski said.

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The sorry state of our military: Is it happenstance or design?


March 23, 2016

The sorry state of our military: Is it happenstance or design? / Commander in Chief delivers latte salute

How it must have pained Marine Corps General John Paxton to tell Congress that his service might not be prepared for war. Last week, the Assistant Commandant candidly admitted to the Senate Armed Services Committee that the U.S. Marine Corps isn’t what it used to be. “I worry about the capability and the capacity to win in a major fight somewhere else right now,” said the general. He fretted over inadequate training and equipment particularly in the fields of communications, intelligence, and aviation.

Cynics might see Paxton’s testimony as a plea for more money, a quantity that isn’t usually forthcoming when no obvious shortcomings can be identified. Yet this rebuttal strikes me as an out-of-hand dismissal of Paxton’s concerns. It would also be uncharacteristic of the Marines, undoubtedly the proudest of the services, to denigrate themselves if it weren’t true. When a senior Marine officer describes the Corps as borderline dysfunctional, I believe him.

Nor is the Marine Corps alone in its negative self-assessment. Army Chief of Staff Mark Milley told Congress that his branch is prepared to do battle with ISIS — and no other potential adversary. The U.S. would probably lose a war with China, according to General Milley. Or with Russia, North Korea, or Iran. According to an Associated Press article: “Mark Milley says years of combat in Iraq and Afghanistan, constrained budgets and troop cuts have had a cumulative effect on the service.” Essentially, our military is capable of defeating the guys Obama described as the JV team but not a conventional force of any heft. Pathetic.

How’s the Air Force faring? If recent trends are any indicator, it may soon be incapable of fulfilling its raison d’être — air superiority. It’s been a very long time since America has gone to war without first asserting absolute dominion over the sky. Air superiority will probably be more difficult to establish in coming years as other nations, particularly China and Russia, fortify their air defenses with new technologies while we continue to fly 1970’s-era F-15s and F-16s as our primary fighters.

Air Force General Frank Gorenc, who commands NATO Allied Air Command, U.S. Air Forces Europe and U.S. Air Forces Africa, is not confident that U.S. forces will be able to achieve and maintain air superiority in future conflicts. “The advantage that we had from the air, I can honestly say, is shrinking…. This is not just a Pacific problem. It’s as significant in Europe as it is anywhere else on the planet…. I don’t think it’s controversial to say [Russia has] closed the gap in capability.”

I don’t believe that any of these generals — Paxton, Milley, or Gorenc — takes pride in admitting this sorry state of affairs because it is essentially an admission of failure. Duty nonetheless dictates that they tell it like it is. They’re playing with the hand they were dealt and I doubt anyone else could do it better.

It doesn’t help that their commander-in-chief pretends not to hear what they’re saying. Just two months ago, President Obama delivered a State of the Union address in which he pooh-poohed the very idea that our armed forces are languishing in disrepair. Said Obama:

“I told you earlier all the talk of America’s economic decline is political hot air. Well, so is all the rhetoric you hear about our enemies getting stronger and America getting weaker. The United States of America is the most powerful nation on Earth. Period. It’s not even close. We spend more on our military than the next eight nations combined.” [Emphasis added]If his mouth is open he must be lying

What a dolt. Surely he can’t believe that our military’s combat effectiveness can be measured in dollars spent? The measure of any endeavor is always results. His argument reminds me that, once upon a time, Obama was just a left-wing community activist. He still sounds like one.

Didn’t President Obama consult his top military leaders before including that remark in his speech? If he had they would have told him what they told Congress last week — namely, that the military is woefully unprepared. If we rule out the possibility that he’s never had such a conversation with the brass then we must conclude that he flippantly dismissed what they told him, probably with the same nifty factoid about military expenditures that he used at the State of the Union. Obama clearly didn’t listen to his advisors because they told him something he didn’t want to hear.

Or is there another possibility? Could it be that this president knows quite well how much the military has atrophied under his administration and he’s pleased with it? In order to prove such a claim definitively I would have to get into his mind to determine his true motives, which I obviously can’t do. There’s nothing in his public statements to indicate a hostility toward the military, though there’s enough anecdotal evidence to indicate a casual disrespect, such as his now infamous latte salute and the completely unreasonable rules of engagement he imposed on combat troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. This is a man with no military experience and it shows.freedom

He’s also the president who opened all combat positions to women. That alone would have been a mistake, but of course his administration exerted downward pressure to get women into elite units such as the Army Rangers without actually requiring them to meet standards. After two women “passed” the Ranger course this summer, it came to light that they had received special assistance and unlimited opportunities to reattempt portions of the course that they had failed. “We were under huge pressure to comply,” said one Ranger instructor. “It was very much politicized.”

It seems that Obama likes the military only as a production line for historic “firsts” that he can take credit for. He’s the guy who gave us the first two female Rangers and the first openly homosexual service secretary, Eric K. Fanning. Just last week Obama nominated another “first” — the first female combatant commander, Air Force General Lori Robinson. I’m not necessarily saying that General Robinson is unqualified for the job though the fact that she was nominated by Obama, a man of unspeakably poor judgment, suggests that she’s probably a hot mess. I am however saying that if she’s truly the best candidate for the job then her sex shouldn’t matter. But to Barack Obama, it matters quite a bit because her nomination provided another “first” for his presidential legacy. Isn’t that what the military is for?

If you want to know what Barack Obama thinks about the military, look to the man he claimed as a mentor in his first memoir “Dreams From My Father”Frank Marshall Davis, a card-carrying member of the Communist Party. Davis first became a member of the CPUSA during the Stalin era, as well as during the time of the Comintern when all communist parties around the globe met periodically in Moscow to receive their marching orders. Davis was a determined opponent of U.S. foreign policy, especially the Marshall Plan and NATO, and he hated the U.S. military which he saw as a global force for evil. To believe that the president doesn’t share even a hint of this hostility toward our armed forces is to say that Barack the protégé learned nothing from Frank the mentor, a conclusion I find plainly absurd.

If that doesn’t convince you, look at some of his other influences, such as his pastor, the anti-American firebrand Jeremiah Wright, as well as his heroes Saul Alinsky, Desmond Tutu, and the communist terrorist Nelson Mandela. Obama has always admired people who hate U.S. military power but we’re supposed to believe that he doesn’t.Alinsky Rules for Radicals

Our military has fallen on tough times, and it will be up to the next president to rehabilitate it. Whether the harm that has befallen our military is the result of mere neglect or actual malfeasance is difficult to determine though I wouldn’t rule out the latter.

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Something Fishy About Iran’s Catch and Release of Navy Boats


waving flagPosted 9 hours ago by

muslim-obamaTalk about a snow job. Even for the Obama Administration, thanking the Iranian government for capturing two Navy boats and 10 sailors is low.

The whole incident, in which the Iranian government publicly castrated President Obama hours before his self-aggrandizing State of the Union speech, is now being spun by the White House as some sort of positive for U.S.-Iranian relations.

Secretary of State and all-around tough guy John “I Fought in Vietnam” Kerry called the matter a “testament to the critical role diplomacy plays in keeping our country safe.”Partyof Deceit Spin and Lies

Baloney.

If anything, it was the promise of billions of dollars from the impending lifting of international sanctions against Iran that got those sailors released, not anything John Kerry did. Even the obtuse leaders of Iran weren’t going to jeopardize that payday.

The funniest lie of all, though, came from Vice President Joe Biden, who responded to Iranian officials’ statement that the sailors were released after apologizing by saying, “There was no looking for any apology.” Then what pops up? A video of the senior Naval officer apologizing to the Iranians at their request. Biden even went so far as to claim the entire embarrassing incident was “standard nautical practice,” that Iran was rescuing two boats in distress and acted as “ordinary nations would do.”Lies Lies and More Lies

Sure, releasing photos of rescued foreign sailors with their hands behind their heads, forcing the lone female to wear a hijab, then detaining the crews overnight — all standard. 

White House spokes-monkey Josh Earnest insisted that the sailors were “afforded the proper courtesy that you would expect.” Especially the part where they dressed up our female sailor like a Burka Barbie.

The coup de grace, however, was Kerry actually thanking the Iranians for their “cooperation.”

Thanks for the swirly, guys. Maybe next time you could give our country a wedgie, too.

The whole incident smells rotten and seems to defy the U.S. Armed Forces Code of Conduct, particularly the part about never surrendering of your own free will.

I’m no expert on military procedure, but from what I’ve been given to understand, if those boats truly broke down in enemy waters, those crews should have immediately issued a distress call to any nearby Navy vessel, then manned the guns on their boats in a defensive posture until rescued or until they could get under weigh again.

The government of Iran is an enemy power. So why would a Navy crew surrender unless there was an order from higher up to do so? There’s also the matter of the video apology by the Navy officer, which I’m told is also prohibited under the Code of Conduct. Again, why did this happen?

Then there’s the whole question of what those boats were doing there and why they both “broke down.”**

No, there are a lot of questions that need to be answered, and the Obama Administration, as it has done so often in the past, has gone into coverup mode.

My two centsSince this happened, I was immediately reminded of the following information. There is NOTHING coincidental about this incident. Please read and consider the following and then ask yourself, “Does Iran, or their Russian partner, possess this technology?

Electromagnetic pulse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetic_pulse
This article is about the phenomenon in general. For nuclear EMP weapons, see Nuclear electromagnetic pulse.

An electromagnetic pulse (EMP), also sometimes called a transient electromagnetic disturbance, is a short burst of electromagnetic energy. Such a pulse’s origination may be a natural occurrence or man-made and can occur as a radiated, electric or magnetic field or a conducted electric current, depending on the source. The term “electromagnetic pulse” is commonly abbreviated EMP (which is pronounced by saying the letters separately, “E-M-P”).

EMP interference is generally disruptive or damaging to electronic equipment, and at higher energy levels a powerful EMP event such as a lightning strike can damage physical objects such as buildings and aircraft structures. The management of EMP effects is an important branch of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) engineering.

The damaging effects of high-energy EMP have been used to create EMP weapons. These are typically divided into nuclear and non-nuclear devices. Such weapons, both real and fictional, have become known to the public by means of popular culture.

General characteristics[edit]

An electromagnetic pulse is a short burst of electromagnetic energy. Its short duration means that it will be spread over a range of frequencies. Pulses are typically characterised by:

  • The type of energy (radiated, electric, magnetic or conducted).
  • The range or spectrum of frequencies present.
  • Pulse waveform: shape, duration and amplitude.

The last two of these, the frequency spectrum and the pulse waveform, are interrelated via the Fourier transform and may be seen as two different ways of describing the same pulse.

Types of energy[edit]

Main article: Electromagnetism

As with any electromagnetic signal, EMP energy may be transferred in any of four forms:

In general, only radiation acts over long distances, with the others acting only over short distances. There are a few exceptions, such as a solar magnetic flare.

Frequency ranges[edit]

A pulse of electromagnetic energy typically comprises many frequencies from DC (zero Hz) to some upper limit depending on the source. The range defined as EMP, sometimes referred to as “DC to daylight”, excludes the highest frequencies comprising the optical (infrared, visible, ultraviolet) and ionizing (X and gamma rays) ranges.

Some types of EMP events can leave an optical trail, such as lightning and sparks, but these are side effects of the current flow through the air and are not part of the EMP itself.

Pulse waveforms[edit]

The waveform of a pulse describes how its instantaneous amplitude (field strength or current) changes over time. Real pulses tend to be quite complicated, so simplified models are often used. Such a model is typically shown either as a diagram or as a mathematical equation.

" "
Rectangular pulse
" "
Double exponential pulse
" "
Damped sinewave pulse

Most pulses have a very sharp leading edge, building up quickly to their maximum level. The classic model is a double-exponential curve which climbs steeply, quickly reaches a peak and then decays more slowly. However, pulses from a controlled switching circuit often take the form of a rectangular or “square” pulse.

In a pulse train, such as from a digital clock circuit, the waveform is repeated at regular intervals.

EMP events usually induce a corresponding signal in the victim equipment, due to coupling between the source and victim. Coupling usually occurs most strongly over a relatively narrow frequency band, leading to a characteristic damped sine wave signal in the victim. Visually it is shown as a high frequency sine wave growing and decaying within the longer-lived envelope of the double-exponential curve. A damped sinewave typically has much lower energy and a narrower frequency spread than the original pulse, due to the transfer characteristic of the coupling mode. In practice, EMP test equipment often injects these damped sinewaves directly rather than attempting to recreate the high-energy threat pulses.

Effects[edit]

Minor EMP events, and especially pulse trains, cause low levels of electrical noise or interference which can affect the operation of susceptible devices. For example, a common problem in the mid-twentieth century was interference emitted by the ignition systems of gasoline engines, which caused radio sets to crackle and TV sets to show stripes on the screen. Laws had to be introduced to make vehicle manufacturers fit interference suppressors.

At a high voltage level an EMP can induce a spark, for example from an electrostatic discharge when fuelling a gasoline-engined vehicle. Such sparks have been known to cause fuel-air explosions and precautions must be taken to prevent them.[1]

A large and energetic EMP can induce high currents and voltages in the victim, damaging electrical equipment or disrupting its function.

A very large EMP event such as a lightning strike is also capable of damaging objects such as trees, buildings and aircraft directly, either through heating effects or the disruptive effects of the very large magnetic field generated by the current. An indirect effect can be electrical fires caused by heating. Most engineered structures and systems require some form of protection against lightning to be designed in.

The damaging effects of EMP have led to the introduction of EMP weapons, from tactical missiles with a small radius of effect to nuclear bombs tailored for maximum EMP effect over a wide area.

Types of EMP[edit]

An EMP arises where the source emits a short-duration pulse of energy. The energy is usually broadband by nature, although it often excites a relatively narrow-band damped sine wave response in the victim. Some types are generated as repetitive and regular pulse trains.

Different types of EMP arise from natural, man-made and weapons effects.

Types of natural EMP event include:

  • Lightning electromagnetic pulse (LEMP). The discharge is typically an initial huge current flow, at least mega-amps, followed by a train of pulses of decreasing energy.
  • Electrostatic discharge (ESD), as a result of two charged objects coming into close proximity or even contact.
  • Meteoric EMP. The discharge of electromagnetic energy resulting from either the impact of a meteoroid with a spacecraft or the explosive breakup of a meteoroid passing through the Earth’s atmosphere.[2][3]
  • Coronal Mass Ejection (CME). A massive burst of gas and magnetic field arising from the solar corona and being released into the solar wind sometimes referred to as a Solar EMP.[4]

Types of (civil) man-made EMP event include:

  • Switching action of electrical circuitry, whether isolated or repetitive (as a pulse train).
  • Electric motors can create a train of pulses as the internal electrical contacts make and break connections as the armature rotates.
  • Gasoline engine ignition systems can create a train of pulses as the spark plugs are energized or fired.
  • Continual switching actions of digital electronic circuitry.
  • Power line surges. These can be up to several kilovolts, enough to damage electronic equipment that is insufficiently protected.

Types of military EMP include:

  • Nuclear electromagnetic pulse (NEMP), as a result of a nuclear explosion. A variant of this is the high altitude nuclear EMP (HEMP), which produces a pulse of a much larger amplitude and different characteristics due to particle interactions with the Earth’s atmosphere and subsequently the Earth’s magnetic fields driving an oscillation in electric current after the original pulse from the particle and ray interactions on the atmosphere.
  • Non-nuclear electromagnetic pulse (NNEMP) weapons.

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